Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz was a nun and writer born in the mid-17th century in Mexico, an exponent of the Golden Age of Spanish-language literature.
As a writer, Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz cultivated both poetry and prose , as well as auto sacramental and theater . On the other hand, due to her outspoken views she was considered by many to be “The Tenth Muse”, “The Phoenix of America” or the “Mexican Phoenix”.
Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz has been the inspiration for filmmakers and authors of poetry, theater, opera and literary fiction. It is considered the greatest figure of Latin American letters of the seventeenth century.
Poems of Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz and other works
Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz wrote a great variety of plays . His most famous comedy is Los empeños de una casa . Another of his well-known plays is Love is more labyrinth . His three autos sacramentales reveal the theological side of his work.
Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz also highlights her poetry , which occupies approximately half of her literary work. These are love poems in which disappointment is a common resource.
Other notable works by Sor Juana are her Christmas carols and the tocotín , a literary composition from Mexico, quite common in the Baroque literature of New Spain.
Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz and other works also wrote a music treatise called El caracol , which has not been found.
According to her, almost everything she had written was commissioned and the only thing she wrote for her own pleasure was Primero Sueño , published in 1692. That poem is considered Sor Juana Inés’s most important.
Short poems by Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz
Among the lyrical work of Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz , the short pieces stand out for their intensity. They are usually pieces full of emotion, passion, even pain and despair.
Among the short poems of Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz we can highlight Love begins with restlessness and With the pain of the mortal wound . They’re also really impressive In chasing me, World, what do you care? and this afternoon, my love, when I spoke to you.
Poems of Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz: Foolish Men
In addition, among all the work of Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, the circus entitled Foolish Men is worthy of mention , a piece considered by many to be feminist , well ahead of its time, and which is considered a liberation text for women . .
Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, in Hombres necios , offers a satire that adds to the wide range of burlesque poems that she published.
His defense of women was reflected in more works by Sor Juana Inés. In fact, her criticism of the misogyny and hypocrisy of men led her to be condemned by the bishop shortly before she died.